About Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women after skin cancer

Mammograms can detect breast cancer early, possibly before it has spread. Explore to learn more about breast cancer prevention, screening, treatment, statistics, research, clinical trials, and more.


Some Facts About Cancer

One out of Eight

Women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime


New cases of BC and CC occur annually in Africa

1.1 Million

New cases are reported annually in Africa in both sexes

In 2020, an estimated 2.3 million cases of female breast cancer were diagnosed globally, and about 685,000 women died from the disease. In women, breast cancer was the most diagnosed cancer in 157 (out of 185) countries, followed by cervical cancer in 23, mainly sub-Saharan African, countries and the leading cause of cancer death in 110 countries, followed by cervical cancer in 36 and lung cancer in 25 countries (NIH.gov).

About 1.1 million new cases and 712,000 deaths are reported annually in Africa in both sexes. Women are most affected as Breast cancer(BC) and Cervical Cancer(CC) are the most common cancers in Africa, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In Africa, BC and CC are responsible for 304,000(48%) and 162,532(42%) new cases and deaths in women annually respectively. A rapid increase in cancer burden is expected in SSA. In Ethiopia, two third of the cancer burden is in the women population with BC and CC being the most diagnosed cancer. About two third of the cancer patients in Ethiopia are diagnosed at the late stage at which the curative option is very limited. Moreover, knowledge and understanding about cancer and the availability of effective cancer treatment options are limited. Cancer patients hardly access palliative care as the service is rarely available. In Ethiopia, cancer patients face serious financial challenges to access sporadically available care as the care is not integrated with the health insurance schemes.

More Resources

More resources to give you a bit more information about breast cancer, it’s causes, diagnosis, and treatment:


Understanding Breast Changes

…and know what normal is for you! More resources to give you a bit more information about breast cancer, it’s causes, diagnosis, and treatment:

A. Look at your breast in the mirror for color shape, size, nipple discharge and dimpling.
B. Feel your breasts for lump and swelling while lying down.

C. Feel your breast and lymph nodes while standing in the shower. 

Some Facts About Cancer

Breast Cancer symptoms (English)

1. New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).

2. Thickening or swelling of part of the breast

3. Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.

4. Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.

5. Pulling in the nipple or pain in the nipple area.

6. Nipple discharge other than breast milk including blood

7. Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.

8. Pain in any area of the breast that does not go away.

የጡት ካንስር ምልክቶች (Amharic)

1. በጡትላይናበጡትአካባቢየሚወጣእባጭ

2. የተወሰነየጡትክፍልማበጥናየጡትቆዳ መጠንከር

3. የጡትቆዳሰርጎድማለት

4. የጡትጫፍናአካባቢመቅላትወይምቆዳመሰነጣጠቅ

5. የጡትጫፍአካባቢህመም

6. በጡትጫፍላይፈሳሽመታየትከወተትሌላ ደምንጨምሮ

7. ማንኛውምየጡትመጠንወይምቅርጽለውጥ

8. በማንኛውምየጡትአካባቢየህመምስሜት